H. H. Sheikh Dr. Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi is the 18th Ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah in a chain of Al Qasimi Rulers since 1600 AD.
How it was named
Sharjah, or the ‘rising sun’ as it means in Arabic appears as early as the 2nd century AD in a map drawn by the Greek geographer Ptolemy, which indicates the settlement of Sarcoa, where Sharjah can now be found.
Sharjah is lies on the West coast of the UAE. It shares its southern borders with Dubai. It is the only emirate that is distinguished by a coastline along its both sides; the Arabian Gulf Coast and the Gulf of Oman. It is the third largest emirate with an area of 2650 sq. km, equivalent to 3.3 per cent of the UAE’s total area, excluding the islands.
Sharjah has a diversified economy and a solid infrastructure. It has 19 industrial areas that contribute to more than 48% of the UAE’s gross industrial output. In 2003, Sharjah had the first low cost airline in the Middle East (Air Arabia). It maintains 3 ports with a total area of 49,588,000 square meters. Key contributors of the emirate’s economy are: gas, tourism, education, healthcare and logistics.
Sharjah’s population is 800,000 as of 2008 estimations i.e 19 per cent of UAE total population.